This blog post is the first of three that Saint Mary’s Press Research will reprint by Katie Gordon on the subject of “Nones.” It originally appeared in the Grand Rapids Press on December 29, 2016. Next week: “The Rise of the ‘Nones’ Part 2: Rethinking Religious Communities.”
The phrase “Rise of the Nones” is a common parlance these days as we discuss national trends in religious identity, or lack thereof. One in three people under the age of thirty is likely to identify as a “None,” an umbrella term meant to include atheists, agnostics, the “spiritual but not religious,” and those who believe in a God but are not affiliated with a particular tradition or denomination.
As a None myself, and a Millennial None at that, this ambiguous spiritual space is very familiar to me. While a phrase like “Rise of the Nones” has a somewhat ominous and even negative connotation to it, I have been able to see firsthand the incredible and creative ways community is being built by the Nones amongst us, both locally and nationally.
Two of the people leading the research on this emerging trend are Casper ter Kuile and Angie Thurston, graduates of Harvard Divinity School and now Ministry Innovation Fellows through The Fetzer Institute. Their research on Millennial Nones culminated in a study called “How We Gather.”
In it, they write:
“Millennials are less religiously affiliated than ever before. Churches are just one of many institutional casualties of the internet age in which young people are both more globally connected and more locally isolated than ever before. Against this bleak backdrop, a hopeful landscape is emerging. Millennials are flocking to a host of new organizations that deepen community in ways that are powerful, surprising, and perhaps even religious.”
They go on to cite how Millennials are not the “spiritual consumers of their parents’ generation,” and while they may not be interested in “belonging to an institution with religious creed as the threshold,” they are often still interested in spirituality and community.
And when Millennials cannot find those things, they create spaces for them to happen.
For example, in Washington DC, a diverse arts community called The Sanctuaries brings together multifaith and multiracial artists and creatives, promoting spiritual growth and social change through arts and music.
Another instance is CrossFit, a tribe-like fitness organization centered on personal improvement, and a community where members have so much of an evangelical enthusiasm that it keeps them accountable and connected in ways that continue outside of the gym.
These communities, popping up across the country, have in common six aspects, according to Casper and Angie’s research: community, personal transformation, social transformation, purpose finding, creativity, and accountability.
But after Casper and Angie gathered together 50 leaders from these organizations to learn more, they heard another element that was essential to these organizations. They called it, “Something More.”
This “Something More” was what these secular organizations learned from their religious counterparts—that collective well-being is only possible when we as individuals are able to connect deeply to something outside of and larger than ourself. This “Something More” is not possible without intentional community being built to bring Millennial Nones out of spiritual isolation from one another.
What these trends show us is that the lives of Nones are not spiritually empty, but are actually rich in community, meaning, and relationships across difference and around shared values.
Krista Tippett, in her newest book Becoming Wise, even suggested: “The Nones of this age are ecumenical, humanist, transreligious. But in their midst are analogs to the original monastics: spiritual rebels and seekers on the margins of established religion, pointing tradition back to its own untamable, countercultural, service-oriented heart.”
These new ways to gather, largely led by Nones and Millennials in particular, are allowing us to engage more authentically, search more deeply, and collaborate more meaningfully. We all—religious and nonreligious alike—have something to learn from these emerging trends in spiritual life.
A committed interfaith activist, Katie Gordon is passionate about creating avenues for intentional community among fellow nonreligious Millennials and across traditions. She helped create and continues to coordinate Nuns & Nones, a growing movement of Catholic Sisters and unaffiliated Millennials coming together to explore questions of spirituality, community, and justice. Additionally, she is Ministry Innovation Coordinator for How We Gather, which builds networks and resources for spiritual innovators and entrepreneurial community leaders across the country. Katie is currently pursuing a Master of Theological Studies degree at Harvard Divinity School focusing on religion, politics, and ethics.